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The Pseudo-Response Regulator Ppd-H1 Provides Adaptation to Photoperiod in Barley

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Science  11 Nov 2005:
Vol. 310, Issue 5750, pp. 1031-1034
DOI: 10.1126/science.1117619

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Abstract

Plants commonly use photoperiod (day length) to control the timing of flowering during the year, and variation in photoperiod response has been selected in many crops to provide adaptation to different environments and farming practices. Positional cloning identified Ppd-H1, the major determinant of barley photoperiod response, as a pseudo-response regulator, a class of genes involved in circadian clock function. Reduced photoperiod responsiveness of the ppd-H1 mutant, which is highly advantageous in spring-sown varieties, is explained by altered circadian expression of the photoperiod pathway gene CONSTANS and reduced expression of its downstream target, FT, a key regulator of flowering.

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