Report

Bright Infrared Emission from Electrically Induced Excitons in Carbon Nanotubes

Science  18 Nov 2005:
Vol. 310, Issue 5751, pp. 1171-1174
DOI: 10.1126/science.1119177

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Abstract

We used the high local electric fields at the junction between the suspended and supported parts of a single carbon nanotube molecule to produce unusually bright infrared emission under unipolar operation. Carriers were accelerated by band-bending at the suspension interface, and they created excitons that radiatively recombined. This excitation mechanism is ∼1000 times more efficient than recombination of independently injected electrons and holes, and it results from weak electron-phonon scattering and strong electron-hole binding caused by one-dimensional confinement. The ensuing high excitation density allows us to observe emission from higher excited states not seen by photoexcitation. The excitation mechanism of these states was analyzed.

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