Synthesis of Imido Analogs of the Uranyl Ion

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Science  23 Dec 2005:
Vol. 310, Issue 5756, pp. 1941-1943
DOI: 10.1126/science.1120069

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Here we describe the synthesis of two imido analogs of the uranyl ion, UO2+2, in which the oxygens are replaced by divalent alkyl or aryl nitrogen groups: U(NtBu)2I2(THF)2 (1) and U(NPh)2I2(THF)3 (2) (where tBu is tert-butyl and THF is tetrahydrofuran). Both compounds have been fully characterized by standard analytical techniques, including x-ray crystallography, and the chemical bonding between the metal center and the nitrogen ligands was quantified by using hybrid density functional theory calculations. As expected for a uranyl analog, these complexes exhibit linear N-U-N linkages and very short U-N bonds. In addition, the theoretical calculations show strong involvement of the 5f and 6d electrons in the U-N bonding.

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