Special Perspectives

The Molecular Basis for Wine Grape Quality-A Volatile Subject

Science  10 Feb 2006:
Vol. 311, Issue 5762, pp. 804-805
DOI: 10.1126/science.1118962

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Abstract

Volatile organic compounds are important flavor components of finished wines. In addition to winemaking practices, which shape wine quality, cultivation of the grape berries in the vineyard each season affects the production of volatile organic compounds as well as other chemical components that ultimately contribute to our perception of flavor in finished wines. By studying how berry flavor components are determined by the interplay of vine genotypes, the environment, and cultivation practices at the molecular level, scientists will develop advanced tools and knowledge that will aid viticulturalists in consistently producing balanced, flavorful berries for wine production.

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