Size Does Not Matter for Mitochondrial DNA

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Science  28 Apr 2006:
Vol. 312, Issue 5773, pp. 537-538
DOI: 10.1126/science.1127182

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That large populations harbor more genetic diversity than small ones holds true for nuclear genomes, but may not apply to mitochondrial DNA. If so, the use of mitochondrial DNA as a standard for genetic diversity may not be appropriate.