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CRACM1 Is a Plasma Membrane Protein Essential for Store-Operated Ca2+ Entry

Science  26 May 2006:
Vol. 312, Issue 5777, pp. 1220-1223
DOI: 10.1126/science.1127883

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Abstract

Store-operated Ca2+ entry is mediated by Ca2+ release–activated Ca2+ (CRAC) channels following Ca2+ release from intracellular stores. We performed a genome-wide RNA interference (RNAi) screen in Drosophila cells to identify proteins that inhibit store-operated Ca2+ influx. A secondary patch-clamp screen identified CRACM1 and CRACM2 (CRAC modulators 1 and 2) as modulators of Drosophila CRAC currents. We characterized the human ortholog of CRACM1, a plasma membrane–resident protein encoded by gene FLJ14466. Although overexpression of CRACM1 did not affect CRAC currents, RNAi-mediated knockdown disrupted its activation. CRACM1 could be the CRAC channel itself, a subunit of it, or a component of the CRAC signaling machinery.

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