A New Genus of African Monkey, Rungwecebus: Morphology, Ecology, and Molecular Phylogenetics

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Science  02 Jun 2006:
Vol. 312, Issue 5778, pp. 1378-1381
DOI: 10.1126/science.1125631

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A new species of African monkey, Lophocebus kipunji, was described in 2005 based on observations from two sites in Tanzania. We have since obtained a specimen killed by a farmer on Mount Rungwe, the type locality. Detailed molecular phylogenetic analyses of this specimen demonstrate that the genus Lophocebus is diphyletic. We provide a description of a new genus of African monkey and of the only preserved specimen of this primate. We also present information on the animal's ecology and conservation.

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