Research Articles

Hierarchical Action and Inhibition of Plant Dicer-Like Proteins in Antiviral Defense

See allHide authors and affiliations

Science  07 Jul 2006:
Vol. 313, Issue 5783, pp. 68-71
DOI: 10.1126/science.1128214

You are currently viewing the abstract.

View Full Text

This article has a correction. Please see:

Abstract

The mechanisms underlying induction and suppression of RNA silencing in the ongoing plant-virus arms race are poorly understood. We show here that virus-derived small RNAs produced by Arabidopsis Dicer-like 4 (DCL4) program an effector complex conferring antiviral immunity. Inhibition of DCL4 by a viral-encoded suppressor revealed the subordinate antiviral activity of DCL2. Accordingly, inactivating both DCL2 and DCL4 was necessary and sufficient to restore systemic infection of a suppressor-deficient virus. The effects of DCL2 were overcome by increasing viral dosage in inoculated leaves, but this could not surmount additional, non–cell autonomous effects of DCL4 specifically preventing viral unloading from the vasculature. These findings define a molecular framework for studying antiviral silencing and defense in plants.

View Full Text