Report

Ultrafast Carbon-Carbon Single-Bond Rotational Isomerization in Room-Temperature Solution

See allHide authors and affiliations

Science  29 Sep 2006:
Vol. 313, Issue 5795, pp. 1951-1955
DOI: 10.1126/science.1132178

You are currently viewing the abstract.

View Full Text

Log in to view the full text

Log in through your institution

Log in through your institution

Abstract

Generally, rotational isomerization about the carbon-carbon single bond in simple ethane derivatives in room-temperature solution under thermal equilibrium conditions has been too fast to measure. We achieved this goal using two-dimensional infrared vibrational echo spectroscopy to observe isomerization between the gauche and trans conformations of an ethane derivative, 1-fluoro-2-isocyanato-ethane (1), in a CCl4 solution at room temperature. The isomerization time constant is 43 picoseconds (ps, 10–12 s). Based on this value and on density functional theory calculations of the barrier heights of 1, n-butane, and ethane, the time constants for n-butane and ethane internal rotation under the same conditions are ∼40 and ∼12 ps, respectively.

View Full Text