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Generation of Gut-Homing IgA-Secreting B Cells by Intestinal Dendritic Cells

Science  17 Nov 2006:
Vol. 314, Issue 5802, pp. 1157-1160
DOI: 10.1126/science.1132742

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Abstract

Normal intestinal mucosa contains abundant immunoglobulin A (IgA)–secreting cells, which are generated from B cells in gut-associated lymphoid tissues (GALT). We show that dendritic cells (DC) from GALT induce T cell–independent expression of IgA and gut-homing receptors on B cells. GALT-DC–derived retinoic acid (RA) alone conferred gut tropism but could not promote IgA secretion. However, RA potently synergized with GALT-DC–derived interleukin-6 (IL-6) or IL-5 to induce IgA secretion. Consequently, mice deficient in the RA precursor vitamin A lacked IgA-secreting cells in the small intestine. Thus, GALT-DC shape mucosal immunity by modulating B cell migration and effector activity through synergistically acting mediators.

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