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Comment on "Population Size Does Not Influence Mitochondrial Genetic Diversity in Animals"

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Science  01 Dec 2006:
Vol. 314, Issue 5804, pp. 1390
DOI: 10.1126/science.1132585

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Bazin et al. (Reports, 28 April, 2006, p. 570) found no relationship between mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) diversity and population size when comparing across large groups of animals. We show empirically that species with smaller populations, as represented by eutherian mammals, exhibit a positive correlation between mtDNA and allozyme variation, suggesting that mtDNA diversity may correlate with population size in these animals.

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