Proteasome-Independent Functions of Ubiquitin in Endocytosis and Signaling

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Science  12 Jan 2007:
Vol. 315, Issue 5809, pp. 201-205
DOI: 10.1126/science.1127085

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Ubiquitination is a reversible posttranslational modification of cellular proteins, in which a 76–amino acid polypeptide, ubiquitin, is primarily attached to the ϵ-amino group of lysines in target proteins. Ubiquitination is a major player in regulating a broad host of cellular processes, including cell division, differentiation, signal transduction, protein trafficking, and quality control. Aberrations in the ubiquitination system are implicated in pathogenesis of some diseases, certain malignancies, neurodegenerative disorders, and pathologies of the inflammatory immune response. Here, we discuss the proteasome-independent roles of ubiquitination in signaling and endocytosis.

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