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Redefining the Age of Clovis: Implications for the Peopling of the Americas

Science  23 Feb 2007:
Vol. 315, Issue 5815, pp. 1122-1126
DOI: 10.1126/science.1137166

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Abstract

The Clovis complex is considered to be the oldest unequivocal evidence of humans in the Americas, dating between 11,500 and 10,900 radiocarbon years before the present (14C yr B.P.). Adjusted 14C dates and a reevaluation of the existing Clovis date record revise the Clovis time range to 11,050 to 10,800 14C yr B.P. In as few as 200 calendar years, Clovis technology originated and spread throughout North America. The revised age range for Clovis overlaps non-Clovis sites in North and South America. This and other evidence imply that humans already lived in the Americas before Clovis.

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