α-Klotho as a Regulator of Calcium Homeostasis

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Science  15 Jun 2007:
Vol. 316, Issue 5831, pp. 1615-1618
DOI: 10.1126/science.1135901

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α-klotho was identified as a gene associated with premature aging–like phenotypes characterized by short lifespan. In mice, we found the molecular association of α-Klotho (α-Kl) and Na+,K+-adenosine triphosphatase (Na+,K+-ATPase) and provide evidence for an increase of abundance of Na+,K+-ATPase at the plasma membrane. Low concentrations of extracellular free calcium ([Ca2+]e) rapidly induce regulated parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion in an α-Kl- and Na+,K+-ATPase–dependent manner. The increased Na+ gradient created by Na+,K+-ATPase activity might drive the transepithelial transport of Ca2+ in cooperation with ion channels and transporters in the choroid plexus and the kidney. Our findings reveal fundamental roles of α-Kl in the regulation of calcium metabolism.

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