Superconducting Interfaces Between Insulating Oxides

Science  31 Aug 2007:
Vol. 317, Issue 5842, pp. 1196-1199
DOI: 10.1126/science.1146006

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At interfaces between complex oxides, electronic systems with unusual electronic properties can be generated. We report on superconductivity in the electron gas formed at the interface between two insulating dielectric perovskite oxides, LaAlO3 and SrTiO3. The behavior of the electron gas is that of a two-dimensional superconductor, confined to a thin sheet at the interface. The superconducting transition temperature of ≅ 200 millikelvin provides a strict upper limit to the thickness of the superconducting layer of ≅ 10 nanometers.

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