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Current-Induced Hydrogen Tautomerization and Conductance Switching of Naphthalocyanine Molecules

Science  31 Aug 2007:
Vol. 317, Issue 5842, pp. 1203-1206
DOI: 10.1126/science.1144366

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Abstract

The bistability in the position of the two hydrogen atoms in the inner cavity of single free-base naphthalocyanine molecules constitutes a two-level system that was manipulated and probed by low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy. When adsorbed on an ultrathin insulating film, the molecules can be switched in a controlled fashion between the two states by excitation induced by the inelastic tunneling current. The tautomerization reaction can be probed by resonant tunneling through the molecule and is expressed as considerable changes in the conductivity of the molecule. We also demonstrated a coupling of the switching process so that the charge injection in one molecule induced tautomerization in an adjacent molecule.

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