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Global Pattern Formation and Ethnic/Cultural Violence

Science  14 Sep 2007:
Vol. 317, Issue 5844, pp. 1540-1544
DOI: 10.1126/science.1142734

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Abstract

We identify a process of global pattern formation that causes regions to differentiate by culture. Violence arises at boundaries between regions that are not sufficiently well defined. We model cultural differentiation as a separation of groups whose members prefer similar neighbors, with a characteristic group size at which violence occurs. Application of this model to the area of the former Yugoslavia and to India accurately predicts the locations of reported conflict. This model also points to imposed mixing or boundary clarification as mechanisms for promoting peace.

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