Science  04 Jan 2008:
Vol. 319, Issue 5859, pp. 21

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  1. Looking Ahead to 2008

    • The National Institutes of Health's new Human Microbiome Project will begin a $115 million, 5-year effort to sequence 600 genomes of organisms that call humans home.

    • Astrobiology advocates hope to use a new report from the U.S. National Academies praising efforts by NASA's Ames Research Center in Mountain View, California, to restore funding cuts by NASA in programs to study life in extreme environments and the possibility of life outside of Earth.

    • China's megascience projects continue: A 4-year, $70 million program on seismology will start up this year. A $25 million effort to examine the causes and effects of space weather will come to a close, with oceanography and material science efforts pending.

    • Scientists and educators hope to stave off efforts by proponents of intelligent design to influence a revision of classroom science standards next month in Texas.

    • This year, the Access to Medicine Foundation in the Netherlands will start ranking drug companies based on how well they help poor people.

    • New assessments of coral reefs by the Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network are at the printers. This month's report on Caribbean reefs after bleaching and hurricanes will be followed in July by a look at reefs in trouble throughout the world.

    • Expect a very rough draft of the Neandertal genome by the end of the year, along with published analyses of gorilla, orangutan, and platypus genomes.

    • The International Linear Collider project, which has taken several heavy hits in recent months, is hoping that the U.S. Department of Energy will pony up its share of the $1.5 million for the project's formal design effort despite a severe tightening of 2008 funding by Congress.