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Science  11 Apr 2008:
Vol. 320, Issue 5873, pp. 161
DOI: 10.1126/science.320.5873.161e

FOR AFRICA. Brian Greenwood, a professor of tropical medicine, and Miriam Were, a public health expert, will share an inaugural $1 million award from the Japanese government for their efforts to fight diseases in Africa.

Greenwood, a faculty member at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine in the U.K., took up malaria research after recognizing the devastating effects of the disease, particularly on children. He has studied the disease's genetic factors and its clinical effects.

Were, born in Kenya and trained at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland, has been an educator and administrator working on public hygiene and AIDS through community health systems. She is now chair of Kenya's National AIDS Control Council and the African Medical and Research Foundation.

The prize honors Hideyo Noguchi, who died of yellow fever 80 years ago in Africa while seeking a vaccine for the disease. It will be awarded every 5 years.

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