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Conditional Dynamics of Interacting Quantum Dots

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Science  09 May 2008:
Vol. 320, Issue 5877, pp. 772-775
DOI: 10.1126/science.1155374

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Abstract

Conditional quantum dynamics, where the quantum state of one system controls the outcome of measurements on another quantum system, is at the heart of quantum information processing. We demonstrate conditional dynamics for two coupled quantum dots, whereby the probability that one quantum dot makes a transition to an optically excited state is controlled by the presence or absence of an optical excitation in the neighboring dot. Interaction between the dots is mediated by the tunnel coupling between optically excited states and can be optically gated by applying a laser field of the right frequency. Our results represent substantial progress toward realization of an optically effected controlled–phase gate between two solid-state qubits.

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