Microbes in the Energy Grid

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Science  23 May 2008:
Vol. 320, Issue 5879, pp. 985
DOI: 10.1126/science.1159999

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The current surge in food and fuel prices has sounded an alarm showing why providing a sustainable global energy supply and minimizing climate change are arguably two of the greatest challenges facing 21st-century society. With adequate research and proper implementation, the diverse and often unseen inhabitants of the microbial world--bacteria, yeasts, fungi, and archaea--can help address these challenges.