Review

How We See Ourselves and How We See Others

Science  30 May 2008:
Vol. 320, Issue 5880, pp. 1177-1180
DOI: 10.1126/science.1154199

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Abstract

People see themselves differently from how they see others. They are immersed in their own sensations, emotions, and cognitions at the same time that their experience of others is dominated by what can be observed externally. This basic asymmetry has broad consequences. It leads people to judge themselves and their own behavior differently from how they judge others and those others' behavior. Often, those differences produce disagreement and conflict. Understanding the psychological basis of those differences may help mitigate some of their negative effects.

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