# Newsmakers

Science  27 Jun 2008:
Vol. 320, Issue 5884, pp. 1703

3. # MOVERS

SUPERMAN? As an astrophysicist, Edward Seidel uses high-performance computers to simulate the relativistic world of Einstein's equations. This fall, he'll take leave from Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge to direct the U.S. National Science Foundation's (NSF's) Office of Cyberinfrastructure (OCI), which aims to provide all scientists with the computing tools they need. “Since I accepted the job, I've gotten comments from a lot of colleagues about how now I will be able to solve all their problems,” he laughs.

OCI was moved from the computing science and engineering directorate into the NSF director's office in 2005 to separate the development of better computing facilities from the discipline itself. Seidel, 50, knows his $185 million budget will limit just how many problems he can fix. One pressing challenge is to transform NSF's$100-million-a-year TeraGrid computing program, which ends in 2010, into the next-generation “Extreme Digital” initiative. Another is to increase the number of computational scientists.

John Towns of the National Center for Supercomputing Applications in Urbana, Illinois, one of the original NSF supercomputing centers, calls Seidel “the type of visionary leader OCI needs. The office is standing up, and now it needs to start running.”

4. # AWARDS

KYOTO PRIZE. Two Canadians and one American are being honored with the Kyoto Prize for lifelong contributions to basic sciences, advanced technology, and arts and philosophy in a way that benefits humanity.

Anthony Pawson (far left), a molecular biologist at Mount Sinai Hospital's Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute in Toronto, Canada, receives the basic sciences prize in life sciences for work on signal transduction involved in regulating cell growth and differentiation. His studies have led to the development of new cancer drugs. The advanced technology prize goes to Richard Karp (above, right), an electrical engineer and computer scientist at the University of California, Berkeley. He's being honored for developing computer algorithms and advancing computer science theory. And Charles Taylor, professor emeritus of philosophy at McGill University in Montreal, Canada, wins this year's arts and philosophy prize.

The Kyoto Prize is awarded by the Inamori Foundation, established by Kazuo Inamori, who made a fortune as the founder of Kyocera Corp., a high-tech ceramics company. Each laureate will receive approximately \$460,000.