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Modulation of Gene Expression via Disruption of NF-κB Signaling by a Bacterial Small Molecule

Science  11 Jul 2008:
Vol. 321, Issue 5886, pp. 259-263
DOI: 10.1126/science.1156499

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Abstract

The control of innate immune responses through activation of the nuclear transcription factor NF-κB is essential for the elimination of invading microbial pathogens. We showed that the bacterial N-(3-oxo-dodecanoyl) homoserine lactone (C12) selectively impairs the regulation of NF-κB functions in activated mammalian cells. The consequence is specific repression of stimulus-mediated induction of NF-κB–responsive genes encoding inflammatory cytokines and other immune regulators. These findings uncover a strategy by which C12-producing opportunistic pathogens, such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa, attenuate the innate immune system to establish and maintain local persistent infection in humans, for example, in cystic fibrosis patients.

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