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Neodymium-142 Evidence for Hadean Mafic Crust

Science  26 Sep 2008:
Vol. 321, Issue 5897, pp. 1828-1831
DOI: 10.1126/science.1161925

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Abstract

Neodymium-142 data for rocks from the Nuvvuagittuq greenstone belt in northern Quebec, Canada, show that some rock types have lower 142Nd/144Nd ratios than the terrestrial standard (ϵ142Nd = –0.07 to –0.15). Within a mafic amphibolite unit, 142Nd/144Nd ratios correlate positively with Sm/Nd ratios and produce a 146Sm-142Nd isochron with an age of Math million years. These rocks thus sample incompatible-element-enriched material formed shortly after Earth formation and may represent the oldest preserved crustal section on Earth.

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