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Reaction-Driven Restructuring of Rh-Pd and Pt-Pd Core-Shell Nanoparticles

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Science  07 Nov 2008:
Vol. 322, Issue 5903, pp. 932-934
DOI: 10.1126/science.1164170

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Abstract

Heterogeneous catalysts that contain bimetallic nanoparticles may undergo segregation of the metals, driven by oxidizing and reducing environments. The structure and composition of core-shell Rh0.5Pd0.5 and Pt0.5Pd0.5 nanoparticle catalysts were studied in situ, during oxidizing, reducing, and catalytic reactions involving NO, O2, CO, and H2 by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy at near-ambient pressure. The Rh0.5Pd0.5 nanoparticles underwent dramatic and reversible changes in composition and chemical state in response to oxidizing or reducing conditions. In contrast, no substantial segregation of Pd or Pt atoms was found in Pt0.5Pd0.5 nanoparticles. The different behaviors in restructuring and chemical response of Rh0.5Pd0.5 and Pt0.5Pd0.5 nanoparticle catalysts under the same reaction conditions illustrates the flexibility and tunability of the structure of bimetallic nanoparticle catalysts during catalytic reactions.

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