PerspectiveAstronomy

Celebrating the 400th Anniversary of Telescope Astronomy

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Science  29 May 2009:
Vol. 324, Issue 5931, pp. 1149-1150
DOI: 10.1126/science.1172000

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Summary

Science authors laboring under the oppressive yoke of refereeing should think back to the time when Galileo Galilei brought his manuscript to printer Baglioni in Venice at the end of February 1610. The referee for his Sidereus Nuncius—a short treatise based on his first observations made through a telescope—was to be the office of the Holy Inquisition. Galileo knew that those referees didn't simply reject what they didn't like: They might invite you in for a few questions. But that time he was in luck. On 1 March, the Venice Council, on advice of the local Inquisitor, gave its consent.