Governance of Both Poles

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Science  20 Nov 2009:
Vol. 326, Issue 5956, pp. 1042
DOI: 10.1126/science.1183953

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At the end of this month, the Antarctic Treaty Summit in Washington, DC, will celebrate the 50th anniversary of an international agreement that has been centered around science, promoting cooperation to manage nearly 10% of Earth for peaceful purposes since 1 December 1959 (see www.atsummit50.aq). As the world moves toward negotiating effective policies related to climate change, lessons from the Antarctic Treaty experience can be drawn upon, particularly in regard to the future governance of international spaces that are considered to have an amplified response to climate change. Among the most critical are the Arctic regions.