Review

Food Security: The Challenge of Feeding 9 Billion People

Science  12 Feb 2010:
Vol. 327, Issue 5967, pp. 812-818
DOI: 10.1126/science.1185383
Table 1

Examples of current and potential future applications of GM technology for crop genetic improvement. [Source: (18, 49)]

Time scaleTarget crop traitTarget crops
CurrentTolerance to broad-spectrum
herbicide
Maize, soybean, oilseed
brassica
Resistance to chewing insect
pests
Maize, cotton, oilseed
brassica
Short-term
(5–10 years)
Nutritional bio-fortificationStaple cereal crops, sweet
potato
Resistance to fungus and virus
pathogens
Potato, wheat, rice, banana,
fruits, vegetables
Resistance to sucking insect pestsRice, fruits, vegetables
improved processing and storageWheat, potato, fruits,
vegetables
Drought toleranceStaple cereal and tuber crops
Medium-term
(10–20 years)
Salinity toleranceStaple cereal and tuber crops
Increased nitrogen-use
efficiency
High-temperature tolerance
Long-term
(>20 years)
apomixisStaple cereal and tuber crops
Nitrogen fixation
Denitrification inhibitor
production
Conversion to perennial habit
Increased photosynthetic efficiency