Research Article

A Draft Sequence of the Neandertal Genome

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Science  07 May 2010:
Vol. 328, Issue 5979, pp. 710-722
DOI: 10.1126/science.1188021

Article Information

vol. 328 no. 5979 710-722

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History: 
  • Received for publication February 8, 2010
  • Accepted for publication April 2, 2010

Author Information

  1. Richard E. Green1,*,,
  2. Johannes Krause1,§,
  3. Adrian W. Briggs1,§,
  4. Tomislav Maricic1,§,
  5. Udo Stenzel1,§,
  6. Martin Kircher1,§,
  7. Nick Patterson2,§,
  8. Heng Li2,,
  9. Weiwei Zhai3,||,
  10. Markus Hsi-Yang Fritz4,,
  11. Nancy F. Hansen5,,
  12. Eric Y. Durand3,,
  13. Anna-Sapfo Malaspinas3,,
  14. Jeffrey D. Jensen6,,
  15. Tomas Marques-Bonet7,13,,
  16. Can Alkan7,,
  17. Kay Prüfer1,,
  18. Matthias Meyer1,,
  19. Hernán A. Burbano1,,
  20. Jeffrey M. Good1,8,,
  21. Rigo Schultz1,
  22. Ayinuer Aximu-Petri1,
  23. Anne Butthof1,
  24. Barbara Höber1,
  25. Barbara Höffner1,
  26. Madlen Siegemund1,
  27. Antje Weihmann1,
  28. Chad Nusbaum2,
  29. Eric S. Lander2,
  30. Carsten Russ2,
  31. Nathaniel Novod2,
  32. Jason Affourtit9,
  33. Michael Egholm9,
  34. Christine Verna21,
  35. Pavao Rudan10,
  36. Dejana Brajkovic11,
  37. Željko Kucan10,
  38. Ivan Gušic10,
  39. Vladimir B. Doronichev12,
  40. Liubov V. Golovanova12,
  41. Carles Lalueza-Fox13,
  42. Marco de la Rasilla14,
  43. Javier Fortea14,,
  44. Antonio Rosas15,
  45. Ralf W. Schmitz16,17,
  46. Philip L. F. Johnson18,,
  47. Evan E. Eichler7,,
  48. Daniel Falush19,,
  49. Ewan Birney4,,
  50. James C. Mullikin5,,
  51. Montgomery Slatkin3,,
  52. Rasmus Nielsen3,,
  53. Janet Kelso1,,
  54. Michael Lachmann1,,
  55. David Reich2,20,*,,
  56. Svante Pääbo1,*,
  1. 1Department of Evolutionary Genetics, Max-Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany.
  2. 2Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA.
  3. 3Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.
  4. 4European Molecular Biology Laboratory–European Bioinformatics Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridgeshire, CB10 1SD, UK.
  5. 5Genome Technology Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
  6. 6Program in Bioinformatics and Integrative Biology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA.
  7. 7Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Genome Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.
  8. 8Division of Biological Sciences, University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812, USA.
  9. 9454 Life Sciences, Branford, CT 06405, USA.
  10. 10Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Zrinski trg 11, HR-10000 Zagreb, Croatia.
  11. 11Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Institute for Quaternary Paleontology and Geology, Ante Kovacica 5, HR-10000 Zagreb, Croatia.
  12. 12ANO Laboratory of Prehistory, St. Petersburg, Russia.
  13. 13Institute of Evolutionary Biology (UPF-CSIC), Dr. Aiguader 88, 08003 Barcelona, Spain.
  14. 14Área de Prehistoria Departamento de Historia Universidad de Oviedo, Oviedo, Spain.
  15. 15Departamento de Paleobiología, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC, Madrid, Spain.
  16. 16Der Landschaftverband Rheinlund–Landesmuseum Bonn, Bachstrasse 5-9, D-53115 Bonn, Germany.
  17. 17Abteilung für Vor- und Frühgeschichtliche Archäologie, Universität Bonn, Germany.
  18. 18Department of Biology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.
  19. 19Department of Microbiology, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland.
  20. 20Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.
  21. 21Department of Human Evolution, Max-Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany.
  1. *To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: green{at}eva.mpg.de (R.E.G.); reich{at}genetics.med.harvard.edu (D.R.); paabo{at}eva.mpg.de (S.P.)
  1. § These authors contributed equally to this work.

  • Present address: Department of Biomolecular Engineering, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA.

  • || Present address: Beijing Institute of Genomics, Chinese Academy of Sciences Beijing 100029, P.R. China.

  • Deceased.

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