As Challenges Change, So Does Science

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Science  14 May 2010:
Vol. 328, Issue 5980, pp. 843
DOI: 10.1126/science.328.5980.843

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Malaria scientists are brimming with optimism. Thanks to a massive influx of new money, dozens of countries have begun scaling up simple ways to fight malaria: insecticide-treated bed nets, indoor spraying of insecticides, and a class of powerful drugs called artemisinin-based combination therapies. Some have seen spectacular results. On top of that, megaphilanthropists Bill and Melinda Gates gave the field a breathtakingly ambitious goal in 2007: Don't just control malaria, eradicate it—get rid of it once and for all. Nobody believes that is possible in the next 10, 20, or even 30 years. But the call for eradication, combined with the plummeting malaria burden, are already reshaping the scientific agenda.