The Smart Electricity Grid and Scientific Research

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Science  21 May 2010:
Vol. 328, Issue 5981, pp. 979-980
DOI: 10.1126/science.1189229

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So-called “smart” meters and appliances have the potential to save energy, to shave peak electricity usage, and to reduce risks of blackouts (16). Typical smart meter designs include periodic transmission of current, phase, and frequency data from the user to the electricity distribution company. Utilities will use the data in billing calculations under time-of-day pricing, for load-management research, to provide customer feedback, and/or to adjust customer appliances.