News FocusProfile: Maurizio Tosi

'The Cobra' Uncovers Ancient Civilizations—And Cold War Political Secrets

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Science  28 May 2010:
Vol. 328, Issue 5982, pp. 1101
DOI: 10.1126/science.328.5982.1101

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Maurizio Tosi has been a peripatetic and influential archaeologist, excavating from Iran to Sicily and shaping new ideas about how humans first began to live in cities and trade over vast areas. As a young man, he dug at Shahr-i Sokhta in southeastern Iran, exposing one of the world's largest urban centers in the 3rd millennium B.C.E., far from the known big-three civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, and the Indus. And in 1981, he discovered Indus material in Oman, sparking a revolution in archaeology in that country, and he continues to study connections between the Indus and Arabia (see main text).