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Structure of the Human Dopamine D3 Receptor in Complex with a D2/D3 Selective Antagonist

Science  19 Nov 2010:
Vol. 330, Issue 6007, pp. 1091-1095
DOI: 10.1126/science.1197410

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Abstract

Dopamine modulates movement, cognition, and emotion through activation of dopamine G protein–coupled receptors in the brain. The crystal structure of the human dopamine D3 receptor (D3R) in complex with the small molecule D2R/D3R-specific antagonist eticlopride reveals important features of the ligand binding pocket and extracellular loops. On the intracellular side of the receptor, a locked conformation of the ionic lock and two distinctly different conformations of intracellular loop 2 are observed. Docking of R-22, a D3R-selective antagonist, reveals an extracellular extension of the eticlopride binding site that comprises a second binding pocket for the aryl amide of R-22, which differs between the highly homologous D2R and D3R. This difference provides direction to the design of D3R-selective agents for treating drug abuse and other neuropsychiatric indications.

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