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Three-Dimensional Model of Salmonella’s Needle Complex at Subnanometer Resolution

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Science  04 Mar 2011:
Vol. 331, Issue 6021, pp. 1192-1195
DOI: 10.1126/science.1199358

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Abstract

Type III secretion systems (T3SSs) are essential virulence factors used by many Gram-negative bacteria to inject proteins that make eukaryotic host cells accessible to invasion. The T3SS core structure, the needle complex (NC), is a ~3.5 megadalton-sized, oligomeric, membrane-embedded complex. Analyzing cryo–electron microscopy images of top views of NCs or NC substructures from Salmonella typhimurium revealed a 24-fold symmetry for the inner rings and a 15-fold symmetry for the outer rings, giving an overall C3 symmetry. Local refinement and averaging showed the organization of the central core and allowed us to reconstruct a subnanometer composite structure of the NC, which together with confident docking of atomic structures reveal insights into its overall organization and structural requirements during assembly.

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