Research Article

Structure of an Agonist-Bound Human A2A Adenosine Receptor

Science  15 Apr 2011:
Vol. 332, Issue 6027, pp. 322-327
DOI: 10.1126/science.1202793

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Abstract

Activation of G protein–coupled receptors upon agonist binding is a critical step in the signaling cascade for this family of cell surface proteins. We report the crystal structure of the A2A adenosine receptor (A2AAR) bound to an agonist UK-432097 at 2.7 angstrom resolution. Relative to inactive, antagonist-bound A2AAR, the agonist-bound structure displays an outward tilt and rotation of the cytoplasmic half of helix VI, a movement of helix V, and an axial shift of helix III, resembling the changes associated with the active-state opsin structure. Additionally, a seesaw movement of helix VII and a shift of extracellular loop 3 are likely specific to A2AAR and its ligand. The results define the molecule UK-432097 as a “conformationally selective agonist” capable of receptor stabilization in a specific active-state configuration.

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