16-Month-Olds Rationally Infer Causes of Failed Actions

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Science  24 Jun 2011:
Vol. 332, Issue 6037, pp. 1524
DOI: 10.1126/science.1204493

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Sixteen-month-old infants (N = 83) rationally used sparse data about the distribution of outcomes among agents and objects to solve a fundamental inference problem: deciding whether event outcomes are due to themselves or the world. When infants experienced failed outcomes, their causal attributions affected whether they sought help or explored.

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