Report

A Fluoride-Derived Electrophilic Late-Stage Fluorination Reagent for PET Imaging

Science  04 Nov 2011:
Vol. 334, Issue 6056, pp. 639-642
DOI: 10.1126/science.1212625

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Abstract

The unnatural isotope fluorine-18 (18F) is used as a positron emitter in molecular imaging. Currently, many potentially useful 18F-labeled probe molecules are inaccessible for imaging because no fluorination chemistry is available to make them. The 110-minute half-life of 18F requires rapid syntheses for which [18F]fluoride is the preferred source of fluorine because of its practical access and suitable isotope enrichment. However, conventional [18F]fluoride chemistry has been limited to nucleophilic fluorination reactions. We report the development of a palladium-based electrophilic fluorination reagent derived from fluoride and its application to the synthesis of aromatic 18F-labeled molecules via late-stage fluorination. Late-stage fluorination enables the synthesis of conventionally unavailable positron emission tomography (PET) tracers for anticipated applications in pharmaceutical development as well as preclinical and clinical PET imaging.

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