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Abnormal Brain Structure Implicated in Stimulant Drug Addiction

Science  03 Feb 2012:
Vol. 335, Issue 6068, pp. 601-604
DOI: 10.1126/science.1214463

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Abstract

Addiction to drugs is a major contemporary public health issue, characterized by maladaptive behavior to obtain and consume an increasing amount of drugs at the expense of the individual’s health and social and personal life. We discovered abnormalities in fronto-striatal brain systems implicated in self-control in both stimulant-dependent individuals and their biological siblings who have no history of chronic drug abuse; these findings support the idea of an underlying neurocognitive endophenotype for stimulant drug addiction.

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