News & AnalysisInfectious Disease

HIV Prevention and Cure Insights Come From Failure and Success

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Science  16 Mar 2012:
Vol. 335, Issue 6074, pp. 1291
DOI: 10.1126/science.335.6074.1291

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A dramatic string of successes has buoyed the HIV prevention field over the past 2 years, but a troubling question has lingered: Why did a seemingly simple strategy work in some groups but not others? Last week's 19th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections brought a sobering answer that may guide future prevention efforts. Research on ways to cure HIV infections also received more attention than ever.