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In Former Yugoslavia, Academies Keep Fighting

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Science  06 Apr 2012:
Vol. 336, Issue 6077, pp. 25
DOI: 10.1126/science.336.6077.25

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Twenty years after Yugoslavia's bloody breakup, academies that are nominally about science and arts are often still players in political fights. In 2011 alone, two new, hotly contested academies were formed within Serbia, one for Bosniaks—the ethnic group also referred to as Bosnian Muslims, who form a minority in Serbia and a majority in neighboring Bosnia and Herzegovina—and one for the Roma people, also known as Gypsies. Yet some of the recently formed academies appear to be more about ethnic identity and furthering separatist goals than about science. And some of the well-established science academies, too, stand accused of promoting nationalism or even inciting violence.