Research Article

Quantum Algorithms for Quantum Field Theories

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Science  01 Jun 2012:
Vol. 336, Issue 6085, pp. 1130-1133
DOI: 10.1126/science.1217069

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Quantum field theory reconciles quantum mechanics and special relativity, and plays a central role in many areas of physics. We developed a quantum algorithm to compute relativistic scattering probabilities in a massive quantum field theory with quartic self-interactions (ϕ4 theory) in spacetime of four and fewer dimensions. Its run time is polynomial in the number of particles, their energy, and the desired precision, and applies at both weak and strong coupling. In the strong-coupling and high-precision regimes, our quantum algorithm achieves exponential speedup over the fastest known classical algorithm.

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