Vol 336, Issue 6086
The Gut Microbiota
Introduction to Special Issue
The Chinese are testing piglets, which have an anatomy and immune system close to those of people along with an omnivorous diet and a similar digestive tract, as a new model for human microbiome research.
This Week in Science
Products & Materials
News of the Week
In science news around the world this week, Italian earthquake experts testified in their manslaughter trial, several of the United Kingdom's astronomical telescopes have received a stay of execution to finish ongoing projects, Japanese deep-sea drilling vessel Chikyu drilled through the fault that caused the March 2011 earthquake and tsunami, the disputed Senkaku Islands were deemed an ideal site for marine science research, and a pair of spy telescopes may be used to investigate astronomical questions.
On 31 May, the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry approved the names proposed last year for elements 114 and 116; they will be known as Flerovium (Fl) and Livermorium (Lv), respectively. Some 822 entries in The Flame Challenge, which aimed to get scientists thinking about how to communicate difficult concepts simply, clearly, and vividly, were vetted for scientific accuracy and were then judged by more than 6000 11-year-olds around the world.
This week's Newsmakers are Stephen Quake of Stanford University, who has won the Lemelson-MIT Prize; David Jewitt of UCLA, Jane Luu of MIT, Franz-Ulrich Hartl of the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Arthur Horwich of Yale University, and Maxim Kontsevich of the Institute for Advanced Scientific Studies, who won Shaw Prizes; and David Jewitt of UCLA, Jane Luu of MIT, Michael E. Brown of Caltech, Mildred S. Dresselhaus of MIT, Cornelia Isabella Bargmann of Rockefeller University, Winfried Denk of the Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, and Ann M. Graybiel of MIT, who won Kavli Prizes.
News & Analysis
Thousands of internal e-mails and documents created by researchers attempting to determine the size of the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill have been handed over to BP as part of a massive lawsuit.
On 28 May, a Japanese governmental advisory body laid out options for the mix of energy sources in 2030, along with projected effects on the economy and carbon dioxide emissions.
Europe's next elite research centers could be built in the poor regions in the south and east of the continent but managed by prestigious research institutions in wealthier countries.
"The Internet of Things," which merges cloud computing with radio-frequency identification, wireless sensors, and other forms of embedded intelligence, has become a buzzword in China.
Books et al.
An electron excitation process in a high-pressure gas converts infrared light into a well-confined beam of x-rays.
An array of posts guides the bilayer assembly of block copolymers with independent control of morphology and orientation.
Precipitation in Borneo, largely invariant during the last four interglacial periods, decreased during glacial terminations.
- Chemokine Gene Silencing in Decidual Stromal Cells Limits T Cell Access to the Maternal-Fetal Interface
Turning off the expression in the placenta of T cell attractants allows the mother to tolerate the fetus.
Lymphocytes prevent bacteria from spreading beyond gut-associated lymphoid tissues and causing systemic inflammation.
Virulence genes and nutritional requirements determine the course of a gastroenteric bacterial infection in mice.
From the AAAS Office of Publishing and Member Services