EDITORIAL

An AIDS-Free Generation?

Science  13 Jul 2012:
Vol. 337, Issue 6091, pp. 133
DOI: 10.1126/science.1226535

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Summary

The HIV pandemic remains a great global health challenge. With an estimated 33.3 million people living with HIV today, is there really hope of achieving the vision of an AIDS-free generation? Optimists argue that strong political will and generous funding are the essential elements. But skeptics point to the deep-seated structural inadequacies in many health care systems, especially in Africa, where the need is greatest. However, both sides agree that a potential combination of therapeutic and prophylactic antiretroviral strategies brings the prospect of HIV control within reach. And this month, the International AIDS Conference in Washington, DC, “Turning the Tide Together,” will attempt to galvanize concerted global action to focus the world's attention on this challenge.