The Many States of HIV in America

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Science  13 Jul 2012:
Vol. 337, Issue 6091, pp. 168-171
DOI: 10.1126/science.337.6091.168

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Taking antiretroviral drugs as prescribed can fully suppress an HIV infection, keeping disease at bay for decades. And people who have undetectable levels of the virus in their blood rarely spread the infection to others. Yet antiretroviral drugs are having nowhere near the treatment or prevention impact they could have on the U.S. epidemic. This spring, Science met with HIV-infected people, at-risk communities, researchers, caregivers, health officials, and advocates in 10 U.S. cities, traveling to the Deep South and the West and East coasts to see the varied epidemics and the local responses up close. The package of stories looks at everything from the social and structural issues to the medical and scientific challenges through the eyes of people on the front lines, as well as the research efforts under way to try to slow, if not one day bring to a halt, the spread of HIV.