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Science  13 Jul 2012:
Vol. 337, Issue 6091, pp. 173-174
DOI: 10.1126/science.337.6091.173

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My Brother's Keeper is the only community-based organization in Mississippi that focuses on those who bear the brunt of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the state: young black men who have sex with men. At the end of 2009, 78% of Mississippi's 8142 people living with HIV were black, even though blacks make up only 37.5% of the population, according to the latest data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). A 2008 report from the Mississippi Department of Health found a 48% increase between 2005 and 2007 in HIV in young black men. Mississippi has a higher rate of gonorrhea and chlamydia than any state, and according to a report in the 2 January 2012 issue of AIDS co-authored by CDC researchers, it had the country's highest HIV case fatality rate between 2001 and 2007.