PerspectiveVirology

A Henipavirus Vaccine in Sight

Science  10 Aug 2012:
Vol. 337, Issue 6095, pp. 651-652
DOI: 10.1126/science.1227810

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Summary

Nipah virus emerged in pig farms in Malaysia in the 1990s. Outbreaks were difficult to miss: The cough of infected animals could be heard 1 mile away from the farms. It soon became clear that Nipah is an important zoonotic threat. Fruit bats can transmit the virus to many mammals, including humans (1). The frequency of recurring Nipah virus outbreaks is on the rise (2). These outbreaks, which often affect Bangladesh or India, have caused more than 300 human fatalities since 1999 often due to encephalitis.