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A Single Progenitor Population Switches Behavior to Maintain and Repair Esophageal Epithelium

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Science  31 Aug 2012:
Vol. 337, Issue 6098, pp. 1091-1093
DOI: 10.1126/science.1218835

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Abstract

Diseases of the esophageal epithelium (EE), such as reflux esophagitis and cancer, are rising in incidence. Despite this, the cellular behaviors underlying EE homeostasis and repair remain controversial. Here, we show that in mice, EE is maintained by a single population of cells that divide stochastically to generate proliferating and differentiating daughters with equal probability. In response to challenge with all-trans retinoic acid (atRA), the balance of daughter cell fate is unaltered, but the rate of cell division increases. However, after wounding, cells reversibly switch to producing an excess of proliferating daughters until the wound has closed. Such fate-switching enables a single progenitor population to both maintain and repair tissue without the need for a “reserve” slow-cycling stem cell pool.

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