Supplementary Materials

Electrically, Chemically, and Photonically Powered Torsional and Tensile Actuation of Hybrid Carbon Nanotube Yarn Muscles

Márcio D. Lima, Na Li, Mônica Jung de Andrade, Shaoli Fang, Jiyoung Oh, Geoffrey M. Spinks, Mikhail E. Kozlov, Carter S. Haines, Dongseok Suh, Javad Foroughi, Seon Jeong Kim, Yongsheng Chen, Taylor Ware, Min Kyoon Shin, Leonardo D. Machado, Alexandre F. Fonseca, John D. W. Madden, Walter E. Voit, Douglas S. Galvão, Ray H. Baughman

Materials/Methods, Supplementary Text, Tables, Figures, and/or References

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  • Materials and Methods
  • Supplementary Text
  • Figs. S1 to S11
  • References (3337)

Images, Video, and Other Other Media

Movie S1
Photothermal torsional actuation of a half-wax-filled, two-end-tethered, homochiral, Fermat yarn.
Movie S2
Electrothermal torsional actuation of a half-wax-filled, two-end-tethered, homochiral, Fermat yarn to produce an average speed of 5,500 revolutions per minute.
Movie S3
A miniature Greco-Roman style catapult driven by a wax-filled, two-end-tethered, heterochiral, dual-Archimedean yarn hurls a projectile.
Movie S4
Tensile actuation of a neat, two-end-tethered, coiled, dual-Archimedean yarn during electrothermal heating in vacuum to incandescent temperature, during which it lifts a 50,200 times heavier weight by 7.3% of yarn length.
Movie S5
Electrothermal torsional actuation of a neat, two-end-tethered, two-ply, heterochiral, Fermat yarn.