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Science  30 Nov 2012:
Vol. 338, Issue 6111, pp. 1166-1171
DOI: 10.1126/science.338.6111.1166

This article has a correction. Please see:

30 November 2012

Edited by Edward W. Lempinen


Looming Budget Cuts Threaten U.S. Research Advances

For decades, U.S. researchers have been working to solve the elemental secrets of human health and disease: the function of the immune system, the triggers for cancer, the remarkable plasticity of pluripotent stem cells. Today, says University of Pennsylvania Senior Vice Provost for Research Steven J. Fluharty, the life sciences have come to a transformative moment—only to find historic progress threatened by deep federal budget cuts that could be just weeks away.

At a Capitol Hill briefing organized by AAAS, Fluharty joined other science leaders urging Congress and the White House to avert the "sequestration" that could slash the U.S. investment in research and development by 8.4%—some $58 billion—by 2018. Cuts of that magnitude, they said, would jeopardize work in areas such as genetic medicine, advanced manufacturing, and batteries that could allow a 10-fold increase in the range of electric cars.

"We're talking about dramatically reducing the rate of discovery and innovation in this country, which has traditionally been the lifeblood of our economy," said Fluharty.

The 14 November briefing reflects broad outreach by the U.S. science and engineering sector that has intensified as each day gets closer to the so-called fiscal cliff. As elected officials searchfor a debt-reduction compromise by year's end, both parties have signaled support for research investment.

AAAS has been prominent in the effort, providing detailed budget analysis, building alliances with other S&T organizations, and working with lawmakers. The AAAS Office of Government Relations has established a Web site to provide background on the potential budget cuts ( And AAAS Chief Executive Officer Alan I. Leshner has detailed the importance of federal R∓D in publications ranging from the Washington Post and the Sacramento Bee to Germany's weekly Die Zeit.


"AAAS is a leading voice for the scientific enterprise," Leshner said, "and we have a responsibility to ensure that lawmakers and the public understand the severe consequences if these cuts take effect."

The sequestration deadline is the result of a 2011 compromise among lawmakers that averted a budget crisis by allowing an increase in the federal government's debt ceiling. Under the deal, if lawmakers can't reduce the deficit on their own, automatic sequestration cuts kick in.

Matt Hourihan, director of the AAAS R∓D Budget and Policy Program, described for the bipartisan, standing-room- only Capitol Hill audience the potential impact on top federal science agencies. At the Department of Defense, R&D would fall 9.1%, or $33.5 billion, over 5 years. The Department of Energy would lose 8.2%, or nearly $4.6 billion. Both the Department of Agriculture and NASA would lose 7.6%, with NASAs R&D funding falling to its lowest level since 1988.

A plan approved in the U.S. House of Representatives would exempt defense from sequestration, but that would mean cuts of 17.5% for nondefense R&D. While that’s unlikely to advance, profound concerns have galvanized science and engineering associations, universities, and others in the U.S. research community.

One key focus: the projected cut of 7.6%, or $11.3 billion, to R&D at the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Research!America, the medical and health research advocacy alliance, reported 77% of respondents to its recent national public opinion poll favored federal funding for research to improve the health care system. Nearly 70% favor increased federal support for scientific research that advances knowledge and drives innovation.

The Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology warned that the cuts would be "devastating." NIH would fund 2300 fewer medical research grants in 2013, the federation said, forcing lab closures and tens of thousands of layoffs. Earlier this month, its call for action generated more than 8000 e-mails to Congress.

Whether this combined effort is as large as past campaigns is uncertain. "There are so many more players today than there were back in the 90s, and we've learned a lot of lessons," said Joanne Carney, director of the AAAS Office of Government Relations. "We've matured, and we have a more sophisticated view of how best to advocate for science."

But the message this fall is inherently pragmatic: Reduced funding means reduced discovery and reduced benefits for society. And that could undermine a new generation of scientists and engineers just as they are coming into the professions. The nation can't afford such losses, experts said at the Capitol Hill briefing.

The world is growing more competitive, and other countries are investing heavily in R&D, said Orlando Auciello, formerly of Argonne National Laboratory and now Endowed Chair Professor at the University of Texas at Dallas. "So you have to tell your representatives in Congress: 'This is not red or blue… If we don’t work for the United States of America, we're going to be in trouble.' "


Uzbek, U.S. Scientists Plan to Expand Partnerships

Top U.S. and Uzbek scientists explored potential research collaborations in human health, agriculture, and environmental sciences at a 3-day conference convened by AAAS in Tashkent.

Uzbek and U.S. scientists have worked together previously on cotton and clean water research, and participants from both countries were enthusiastic about expanding collaborations in genomics, proteomics, andclimate change.

Microbiology and solar energy research are also emerging as promising fields for cooperative science, said Norman P. Neureiter, senior adviser to the AAAS Center for Science Diplomacy and acting director of the AAAS Center for Science, Technology and Security Policy. "Uzbekistan has a collection of opportunities for considerable cooperative work," he said.

These opportunities have grown steadily since a 2010 Science & Technology Cooperative Agreement signed by the U.S. and Uzbekistan, as well as a 2011 visit to the country by U.S. State Department science envoy and former AAAS Board member Alice P. Gast.

More than 70 researchers and dignitaries, including Shavkat Salikhov, president of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan, and U.S. Ambassador George Krol, attended the 27 to 29 September meeting. Former AAAS President Gilbert S. Omenn and current AAAS Board member Inder Verma also spoke at the conference; it was organized by Gwenaële Coat, a senior program associate at the AAAS Center, and Uzbek Academy researcher Ibrokhim Abdurakhmonov.

The role model for many gathered in Tashkent is a decade-long collaboration in cotton genetics between the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Texas A&M University, and the Uzbek Academy of Sciences. Abdurakhmonov and Texas A&M's Alan Pepper described how the program has produced high-quality studies and supported a remarkable cotton-breeding program in a country at the same chilly latitude as Chicago.

Joy Ward, a University of Kansas professor, is pursuing collaborations with senior Uzbek scientists to focus on important plant genes that may respond to environmental change. She and many others also spoke about expanding international opportunities for the next generation of Uzbek researchers. "We need to bring more early-career scientists to conferences like this one, as they are the hope for continued collaborations between our nations."

Many of the researchers noted the need for funding to move these partnerships beyond the talking stage, said Jacqueline Fletcher, an Oklahoma State University scientist who pointed to the USDA program as an inspiring example. "Uzbek and U.S. scientists share many common goals and productive interactions are often easy to envision, but consistent financial resources are needed to engage and continue that engagement over time," she said.

"I think, currently, we—both the U.S. and Uzbek sides—must concentrate on finding the funding resources for the collaborations intended," Abdurakhmonov agreed. "This requires good ideas and continual discussion."

The researchers plan to continue their discussions and define specific cooperative projects at a meeting in the United States in 2013.


AAAS Kavli Science Journalism Award Winners Named

Stories about microbial hitchhikers, the largest dam-removal project in North America, and issues raised by the new era of personal genomics are among the winners of the 2012 AAAS Kavli Science Journalism Awards.

Large Newspaper—(Circulation of 100,000 or more): Carl Zimmer, freelance writer, for stories published in the New York Times: "Evolution Right Under Our Noses" (26 July 2011); "A Sharp Rise in Retractions Prompts a Call for Reform" (17 April 2012); and "Tending the Body's Microbial Garden" (19 June 2012). The judges praised Zimmer's entry as an example of sustained excellence in reporting on a range of science topics.

Small Newspaper—(Circulation less than 100,000): The judges declined to give an award in the small newspaper category this year.

Magazine: Michelle Nijhuis, freelance writer, for "Crisis in the Caves," published July/August 2011 in Smithsonian magazine. Nijhuis went underground to observe both bats and biologists as she reported on white-nose syndrome, which has killed more than a million cavedwelling bats in the northeastern United States.

Television—(Spot News/Feature Reporting, 20 minutes or less): Sheraz Sadiq, KQED QUEST (San Francisco), for "Hetch Hetchy Aqueduct: Big Fixes for Big Quakes," 9 November 2011. With historical footage and on-the-scene reporting, Sadiq explained the engineering steps being undertaken to protect the San Francisco Bay Area's water supply.

Television—(In-Depth Reporting, more than 20 minutes): Sarah Holt and Laurie Donnelly WGBH/NOVA, for "Cracking Your Genetic Code," 28 March 2012. The journalists' entry told about the emerging field of personalized medicine—where success and failure often intermix—through the eyes of a cancer patient, a cystic fibrosis sufferer, and others.

Radio: Bari Scott, Alex Chadwick, Mary Beth Kirchner, Robert Rand, and Robin Wise, Sound-Vision Productions for American Public Media, for "Particles: Nuclear Power After Fukushima," 11 March 2012. The program revisited the Fukishima disaster to show "energy issues through the lens of personal experience."

Online: Lynda V. Mapes, Steve Ringman, and Genevieve Alvarez, The Seattle Times, for "Elwha: The Grand Experiment," 17 September 2011. Their series covered the $325 million project to remove two dams that have blocked salmon runs for more than a century on the Elwha River and to restore 800 acres of former reservoirs in Washington State's Olympic Peninsula.

Children's Science News: Kirsten Weir, freelance writer, for "Uninvited Guests," published in Current Health Kids, April/May 2012. Weir mixed compelling statistics and humor in her lively tour of the trillions of microbial stowaways on the human body.

The awards, administered by AAAS since their inception in 1945, go to professional journalists for distinguished reporting for a general audience. The Kavli Foundation provided a generous endowment in 2009 that ensures the future of the awards program.

Independent panels of science journalists pick the winners, who will receive $3000 and a plaque at the 2013 AAAS Annual Meeting in Boston in February. Learn more about the winning entries at


AAAS Members Elected as Fellows

In October 2012, the AAAS Council elected 701 members as Fellows of AAAS. These individuals will be recognized for their contributions to science and technology at the Fellows Forum to be held on 16 February 2013 during the AAAS Annual Meeting in Boston, Massachusetts. The new Fellows will receive a certifi cate and a blue and gold rosette as a symbol of their distinguished accomplishments. Presented by section affiliation, they are:

Section on Agriculture, Food, and Renewable Resources
James R. Alfano, Univ. of Nebraska-Lincoln
Nilsa A. Bosque-Pérez, Univ. of Idaho
Richard M. Bostock, Univ. of California, Davis
Edward S. Buckler, Cornell Univ.
Yves Carrière, Univ. of Arizona
Mary Erin Delany, Univ. of California, Davis
Kellye A. Eversole, Eversole Associates
Mark Lawrence Failla, Ohio State Univ.
John James Finer, Ohio State Univ.
Avtar Krishan Handa, Purdue Univ.
Maria J. Harrison, Cornell Univ.
James W. Jones, Univ. of Florida
Karen E. Koch, Univ. of Florida
Weiping Liu, Zhejiang Univ., China
Cathie Martin, John Innes Centre
William B. McGill, Univ. of Northern British Columbia, Canada
Ravi Naidu, Univ. of South Australia
Kerry O'Donnell, USDA-ARS
Melvin J. Oliver, USDA-ARS
N. LeRoy Poff, Colorado State Univ.
Sanjaya Rajaram, Resource Seed Mexicana
Matthew Brian Thomas, Pennsylvania State Univ.
Michael Karl Udvardi, Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation
Jonathan D. Walton, Michigan State Univ.
Guoyao Wu, Texas A&M Univ.
Kun Yan Zhu, Kansas State Univ.
Section on Anthropology
Arlen Frank Chase, Univ. of Central Florida
Mark V. Flinn, Univ. of Missouri-Columbia
Mary Anne Katzenberg, Univ. of Calgary, Canada
Joanna E. Lambert, Univ. of Texas at San Antonio
Patricia Lambert, Utah State Univ.
Lisa J. Lucero, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Lorena Madrigal, Univ. of South Florida
Herbert D.G. Maschner, Idaho State Univ.
Elizabeth Jean Reitz, Univ. of Georgia, Athens
Katerina Semendeferi, Univ. of California, San Diego
Jan F. Simek, Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville
Peter Stuart Ungar, Univ. of Arkansas
Section on Astronomy
Lynn R. Cominsky, Sonoma State Univ.
Eli Dwek, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Bruce G. Elmegreen, IBM T.J. Watson Research Center
Neal J. Evans II, Univ. of Texas at Austin
Neil Gehrels, NASA
Sun Kwok, Univ. of Hong Kong
Angela V. Olinto, Univ. of Chicago
Richard William Pogge, Ohio State Univ.
Nathan A. Schwadron, Univ. of New Hampshire
Keivan Guadalupe Stassun, Vanderbilt Univ.
Michiel van der Klis, Astronomical Institute Anton Pannekoek, Netherlands
G. Mark Voit, Michigan State Univ.
Arthur M. Wolfe, Univ. of California, San Diego
Section on Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Science
Thomas Stephen Bianchi, Texas A&M Univ.
Anny Cazenave, Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES), France
Harindra Joseph Shermal Fernando, Univ. of Notre Dame
Susan Joy Hassol, Climate Communication
Brian John Hoskins, Univ. of Reading/Imperial College London, UK
Robert A. Houze Jr., Univ. of Washington
Andrew John Weaver, Univ. of Victoria, Canada
Section on Biological Sciences
Soman Ninan Abraham, Duke Univ. Medical Center
Anurag Agrawal, Cornell Univ.
Paul G. Ahlquist, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison
Susan C. Alberts, Duke Univ.
Stephen Alexander, Univ. of Missouri-Columbia
Edith Bach Allen, Univ. of California, Riverside
Christopher I. Amos, MD Anderson Cancer Center
Gynheung An, Kyung Hee Univ., South Korea
Norman Arnheim, Univ. of Southern California
Alexander V. Badyaev, Univ. of Arizona
Diane L. Barber, Univ. of California, San Francisco
James C.A. Bardwell, Univ. of Michigan
Susan Schloemer Bell, Univ. of South Florida
Shelley L. Berger, Univ. of Pennsylvania
Albert H. Beth, Vanderbilt Univ. School of Medicine
James D. Bever, Indiana Univ.
John M. Blair, Kansas State Univ.
Bruce Blumberg, Univ. of California, Irvine
Susan Bonner-Weir, Joslin Diabetes Center
Bruce A. Bowerman, Univ. of Oregon
Susan H. Brawley, Univ. of Maine
Charles Brenner, Univ. of Iowa
Michael R. Brent, Washington Univ. in St. Louis
Edmund D. Brodie III, Univ. of Virginia
Yves V. Brun, Indiana Univ.
Thomas P. Brutnell, Donald Danforth Plant Science Center
Breck Edward Byers, Univ. of Washington
Rafael Daniel Camerini-Otero, National Institutes of Health
Jane M. Carlton, New York Univ.
Nicholas C. Carpita, Purdue Univ.
Daniel D. Carson, Rice Univ.
Charles Williams Carter Jr., Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Patrick J. Casey, Duke Univ. Medical Center
Susan E. Celniker, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Roger Chalkley, Vanderbilt Univ. Medical Center
Jianzhu Chen, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Zhijian 'James' Chen, Univ. of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Chi-Hing Christina Cheng, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Xiaodong Cheng, Emory Univ. School of Medicine
Sallie Watson Chisholm, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Ken W.Y. Cho, Univ. of California, Irvine
Vitaly Citovsky, Stony Brook Univ.
Nancy Hall Colburn, National Cancer Institute/NIH
Luca Comai, Univ. of California, Davis
Roger D. Cone, Vanderbilt Univ.
Lynn Cooley, Yale Univ. School of Medicine
Thomas L. Daniel, Univ. of Washington
Priya Davidar, Pondicherry Univ., India
Roger J. Davis, Univ. of Massachusetts Medical School
Trisha Nell Davis, Univ. of Washington
Troy Day, Queen's Univ., Canada
Dennis R. Dean, Virginia Institute of Technology
Donald Harry Dean, Ohio State Univ.
Gregory E. Demas, Indiana Univ.
Xing Wang Deng, Yale Univ.
Sharon Y.R. Dent, MD Anderson Cancer Center
Robert J. Deschenes, Univ. of South Florida College of Medicine
Lakshmi A. Devi, Mt. Sinai School of Medicine
Daryll B. DeWald, Washington State Univ.
Biao Ding, Ohio State Univ.
Andrew Dobson, Princeton Univ.
Jerry B. Dodgson, Michigan State Univ.
Kathleen Donohue, Duke Univ.
Lisa Alayne Donovan, Univ. of Georgia
Monica Driscoll, Rutgers Univ.
Crislyn D'Souza-Schorey, Univ. of Notre Dame
Robert Joseph Duronio, Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Walter Francis Eanes, Stony Brook Univ.
Joseph R. Ecker, Salk Institute for Biological Studies
Bruce A. Edgar, German Cancer Research Center
Brian Joseph Enquist, Univ. of Arizona
William Fredric Fagan, Univ. of Maryland, College Park
Jeffrey L. Feder, Univ. of Notre Dame
Xin-Hua Feng, Baylor College of Medicine
Bruce A. Freeman, Univ. of Pittsburgh
William C. (Clay) Fuqua, Indiana Univ.
David M. Gardiner, Univ. of California, Irvine
James Roy Garey, Univ. of South Florida
Rachelle Gaudet, Harvard Univ.
Jonathan Gershenzon, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Germany
Harold Lisle Gibbs, Ohio State Univ.
George W. Gilchrist, National Science Foundation
Lev R. Ginzburg, Stony Brook Univ.
Patricia M. Glibert, Univ. of Maryland
Gary R. Graves, Smithsonian Institution
Beverley R. Green, Univ. of British Columbia, Canada
Arno L. Greenleaf, Duke Univ. Medical Center
Elizabeth A. Grimm, MD Anderson Cancer Center
Deborah L. Gumucio, Univ. of Michigan Medical School
Barry Halliwell, National Univ. of Singapore
Jeffrey Wade Harper, Harvard Medical School
Reid N. Harris, James Madison Univ.
Ulrike A. Heberlein, Univ. of California, San Francisco
Steven Henikoff, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Chien Ho, Carnegie Mellon Univ.
Mark W. Hochstrasser, Yale Univ.
Kay E. Holekamp, Michigan State Univ.
David Houle, Florida State Univ.
Xin-Yun Huang, Weill Cornell Medical College
Peter J. Hudson, Pennsylvania State Univ.
Michael Ibba, Ohio State Univ.
Mark A. Israel, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center
Georg Jander, Cornell Univ.
Alan M. Jones, Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Lynne Burgess Jorde, Univ. of Utah College of Medicine
Leemor Joshua-Tor, Cold Springs Harbor Laboratory
Valerian E. Kagan, Univ. of Pittsburgh
Patrick J. Keeling, Univ. of British Columbia, Canada
Douglas Bruce Kell, Univ. of Manchester, UK
Darlene R. Ketten, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Aaron A. King, Univ. of Michigan
Daniel F. Klessig, Cornell Univ.
Rob Knight, Univ. of Colorado at Boulder
Anthony A. Kossiakoff, Univ. of Chicago
Elena M. Kramer, Harvard Univ.
Michael Steven Krangel, Duke Univ. School of Medicine
Kenneth N. Kreuzer, Duke Univ. Medical Center
Robert M. Krug, Univ. of Texas at Austin
Julia Kubanek, Georgia Institute of Technology
Ratnesh Lal, Univ. of California, San Diego
Charles Lee, Brigham and Women’s Hospital
Wen-Hwa Lee, Univ. of California, Irvine
Jianming Li, Univ. of Michigan
Joyce E. Longcore, Univ. of Maine
Gary M. Lovett, Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies
Susan T. Lovett, Brandeis Univ.
Sheng Luan, Univ. of California, Berkeley
Hartmut Luecke, Univ. of California, Irvine
Kunxin Luo, Univ. of California, Berkeley
Svetlana Lutsenko, Johns Hopkins Univ. School of Medicine
Nancy R. Manley, Univ. of Georgia, Athens
Ann G. Matthysse, Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Earl D. McCoy, Univ. of South Florida
Anthony David McGuire, Univ. of Alaska, Fairbanks
Hassane S. Mchaourab, Vanderbilt Univ. School of Medicine
Blake C. Meyers, Univ. of Delaware
Jeffery F. Miller, Univ. of California, Los Angeles
Richard A. Miller, Univ. of Michigan
Harry Lee Thompson Mobley, Univ. of Michigan
Allen J. Moore, Univ. of Georgia, Athens
John V. Moran, Univ. of Michigan
Donald L. Mykles, Colorado State Univ.
Mitzi Nagarkatti, Univ. of South Carolina
Donald Owen Natvig, Univ. of New Mexico
Jeanne M. Nerbonne, Washington Univ. in St. Louis
Marcia E. Newcomer, Louisiana State Univ.
Stuart J. Newfeld, Arizona State Univ.
Joseph P. Noel, Salk Institute for Biological Studies
Santa Jeremy Ono, Univ. of Cincinnati
Elaine A. Ostrander, National Human Genome Research Institute/NIH
Duojia (DJ) Pan, Johns Hopkins Univ. School of Medicine
Thomas A. Peterson, Iowa State Univ.
George N. Phillips Jr., Rice Univ.
Eric M. Phizicky, Univ. of Rochester
Eran Pichersky, Univ. of Michigan
Jennifer A. Pietenpol, Vanderbilt Univ. School of Medicine
William Plunkett, MD Anderson Cancer Center
Richard S. Pollenz, Univ. of South Florida
Alvaro Puga, Univ. of Cincinnati College of Medicine
Jun Qin, Cleveland Clinic
Shahin Rafii, Weill Cornell Medical College
Francesco Ramirez, Mount Sinai School of Medicine
D. C. Rao, Washington Univ. School of Medicine in St. Louis
Mrinalini Chatta Rao, Univ. of Illinois at Chicago
Carlene Allen Raper, Univ. of Vermont
Andrew Fraser Read, Pennsylvania State Univ.
Michael Aaron Resnick, National Institute of Environmental Health/NIH
Nour-Eddine Rhaleb, Wayne State Univ.
Markus Walter Ribbe, Univ. of California, Irvine
Laura Jeanne Robles, Cal State Univ., Dominguez Hills
Mark Gregory Robson, Rutgers Univ.
Raymond L. Rodriguez, Univ. of California, Davis
G. David Roodman, Indiana Univ. School of Medicine
Locke Rowe, Univ. of Toronto, Canada
Rosa M. Ruiz-Vázquez, Universidad de Murcia, Spain
Ann Kiku Sakai, Univ. of California, Irvine
Gary S. Sayler, Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville
Thomas Friedrich Schilling, Univ. of California, Irvine
Wolfgang Schmidt, Academia Sinica, Taiwan
Danny J. Schnell, Univ. of Massachusetts Amherst
Jeffrey S. Schorey, Univ. of Notre Dame
Maria Schumacher, Duke Univ. Medical Center
Lance C. Seefeldt, Utah State Univ.
Elba E. Serrano, New Mexico State Univ.
Yun-Bo Shi, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development/NIH
Laurel Owen Sillerud, Univ. of New Mexico School of Medicine
Jane Silverthorne, National Science Foundation
Michael Kirtland Skinner, Washington State Univ.
Barry Paul Sleckman, Washington Univ. in St. Louis
L. Dennis Smith, Univ. of Nebraska-Lincoln
Nahum Sonenberg, McGill Univ., Canada
Stacia A. Sower, Univ. of New Hampshire
Raymond John St. Leger, Univ. of Maryland, College Park
John A. Stamatoyannopoulos, Univ. of Washington
Rolf Sternglanz, Stony Brook Univ.
Peter Stiling, Univ. of South Florida
Fengzhu Sun, Univ. of Southern California
Xiao-Hong Sun, Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation
Yi Sun, Univ. of Michigan
Joel L. Sussman, Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel
William P. Tansey, Vanderbilt Univ. School of Medicine
Ronald K. Taylor, Dartmouth Medical School
Keiko U. Torii, Univ. of Washington
Richard Henry Treisman, London Research Ronald W. Trewyn, Kansas State Univ.
Raphael H. Valdivia, Duke Univ. Medical Center
Eberhard O. Voit, Georgia Institute of Technology
Diane K. Wagener, RTI International
Geoffrey O. Wasteneys, Univ. of British Columbia, Canada
Ruth Welti, Kansas State Univ.
Bruce J. West, Army Research Office
Theodore C. White, Univ. of Missouri-Kansas City
Bridget S. Wilson, Univ. of New Mexico
George B. Witman, Univ. of Massachusetts Medical School
Christopher V.E. Wright, Vanderbilt Univ. School of Medicine
Robin Lynn Wright, Univ. of Minnesota
Hao Wu, Weill Cornell Medical College
Anthony J. Wynshaw-Boris, Univ. of California, San Francisco
Rui-Ming Xu, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Wei Yang, National Institutes of Health
Elton T. Young, Univ. of Washington
Hongtao Yu, Univ. of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Shuqun Zhang, Univ. of Missouri-Columbia
Yi Zhang, Univ. of North Carolina School of Medicine
Keji Zhao, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute/NIH
Ming-Ming Zhou, Mt. Sinai School of Medicine
S. Lawrence Zipursky, Univ. of California, Los Angeles
Section on Chemistry
Mahdi M. Abu-Omar, Purdue Univ.
Millard H. Alexander, Univ. of Maryland, College Park
Heather Cecile Allen, Ohio State Univ.
Bruce S. Ault, Univ. of Cincinnati
Zhenan Bao, Stanford Univ.
Phil S. Baran, Scripps Research Institute
Ilan Benjamin, Univ. of California, Santa Cruz
Eric Block, State Univ. of New York at Albany
Andrew S. Borovik, Univ. of California, Irvine
R. David Britt, Univ. of California, Davis
Stephanie L. Brock, Wayne State Univ.
Barbara M. Brodsky, Tufts Univ.
Michael F. Brown, Univ. of Arizona
Allison A. Campbell, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Richard M. Caprioli, Vanderbilt Univ. School of Medicine
Eugene Y.-X. Chen, Colorado State Univ.
Lin X. Chen, Argonne National Laboratory
Sue B. Clark, Washington State Univ.
Alvin L. Crumbliss, Duke Univ.
Ken Czerwinski, Univ. of Nevada, Las Vegas
Huw M.L. Davies, Emory Univ.
Vincent Jo Davisson, Purdue Univ.
Norman J. Dovichi, Univ. of Notre Dame
Prabir K. Dutta, Ohio State Univ.
Andrew D. Ellington, Univ. of Texas at Austin
C. Michael Elliott, Colorado State Univ.
Jeffrey D. Esko, Univ. of California, San Diego
Pingyun Feng, Univ. of California, Riverside
Robert A. Flowers II, Lehigh Univ.
Michel R. Gagné, Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Feng Gai, Univ. of Pennsylvania
Nicholas E. Geacintov, New York Univ.
Franz M. Geiger, Northwestern Univ.
Jacquelyn Gervay-Hague, Univ. of California, Davis
Jason E. Gestwicki, Univ. of Michigan
David Peter Giedroc, Indiana Univ.
David S. Ginger Jr., Univ. of Washington
Theodore Goodson III, Univ. of Michigan
Howard Lewis Hall, Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville
D. Michael Heinekey, Univ. of Washington
Herbert Henderson Hill Jr., Washington State Univ.
So Hirata, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Ralf-Ingo Kaiser, Univ. of Hawaii
Mercouri G. Kanatzidis, Northwestern Univ.
Kattesh V. Katti, Univ. of Missouri-Columbia
Sarah L. Keller, Univ. of Washington
Marisa C. Kozlowski, Univ. of Pennsylvania
N. Rama Krishna, Univ. of Alabama
Anna I. Krylov, Univ. of Southern California
Krishna Kumar, Tufts Univ.
Sarah Cosgrove Larsen, Univ. of Iowa
Charles Y-C Lee, U.S. Air Force
Chao-Jun Li, McGill Univ., Canada
Jing Li, Rutgers Univ.
R. Daniel Little, Univ. of California, Santa Barbara
Jie Liu, Duke Univ.
Janis Louie, Univ. of Utah
Leonard Richard MacGillivray, Univ. of Iowa
Richard Kenneth Marcus, Clemson Univ.
Jennifer S. Martinez, Los Alamos National Laboratory
Jimmy W. Mays, Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville
Ursula Mazur, Washington State Univ.
Kenneth L. Nash, Washington State Univ.
Mary P. Neu, Los Alamos National Laboratory
Shuming Nie, Emory Univ./Georgia Institute of Technology
Susan V. Olesik, Ohio State Univ.
Dennis G. Peters, Indiana Univ.
Arthur J. Ragauskas, Georgia Institute of Technology
Douglas Ray, Pacifi c Northwest National Laboratory
Hanna Reisler, Univ. of Southern California
Tomislav Rovis, Colorado State Univ.
John M. Schwab, Retired, NIH
Sean Campbell Smith, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Mohan Srinivasarao, Georgia Institute of Technology
Arthur G. Suits, Wayne State Univ.
Basil I. Swanson, Los Alamos National Laboratory
Kenneth J. Takeuchi, Stony Brook Univ.
Mark Edward Thompson, Univ. of Southern California
František Tureček, Univ. of Washington
Charles G. Wade, IBM
Jin Wang, Stony Brook Univ.
Peng George Wang, Georgia State Univ.
Qian Wang, Univ. of South Carolina
Arieh Warshel, Univ. of Southern California
Kevin M. Weeks, Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Gregory Alan Weiss, Univ. of California, Irvine
Christopher J. Welch, Merck and Company
Carter T. White, Naval Research Laboratory
Olaf Wiest, Univ. of Notre Dame
Evan R. Williams, Univ. of California, Berkeley
Angela K. Wilson, Univ. of North Texas
John P. Wolfe, Univ. of Michigan
Stanislaus S. Wong, Stony Brook Univ./Brookhaven National Laboratory
William Hamilton Woodruff, Los Alamos National Laboratory
Jin-Quan Yu, Scripps Research Institute
Section on Dentistry
Pamela K. Den Besten, Univ. of California, San Francisco
David H. Kohn, Univ. of Michigan
Jacques E. Nör, Univ. of Michigan School of Dentistry
No-Hee Park, Univ. of California, Los Angeles
Section on Education
A. Malcolm Campbell, Davidson College, North Carolina
Arthur J. Lidsky, Dober, Lidsky, Mathey
Karen D. Liller, Univ. of South Florida
Elizabeth Ann Nalley, Cameron Univ., Oklahoma
George D. Nelson, Western Washington Univ.
Dennis Lee Schatz, National Science Foundation
Ethel D. Stanley, Beloit College
Martin Storksdieck, National Research Council
Marshall D. Sundberg, Emporia State Univ., Kansas
Gabriela C. Weaver, Purdue Univ.
Mark Allen Weiss, Florida International Univ.
Section on Engineering
Ilhan A. Aksay, Princeton Univ.
Paschalis Alexandridis, Univ. at Buffalo
Luís A. Nunes Amaral, Northwestern Univ.
Michael D. Amiridis, Univ. of South Carolina
Dionissios (Dennis) N. Assanis, Stony Brook Univ.
Kyriacos A. Athanasiou, Univ. of California, Davis
Amit Bandyopadhyay, Washington State Univ.
Kent D. Choquette, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Louis C. Chow, Univ. of Central Florida
Panagiotis D. Christofides, Univ. of California, Los Angeles
Alan W. Cramb, Illinois Institute of Technology
Jennifer Sinclair Curtis, Univ. of Florida
John G. Ekerdt, Univ. of Texas at Austin
David P. Fyhrie, Univ. of California Davis Medical School
Mohamed Gad-el-Hak, Virginia Commonwealth Univ.
Andrés José García, Georgia Institute of Technology
Emmanuel E. Gdoutos, Democritus Univ. of Thrace, Greece
Peyman Givi, Univ. of Pittsburgh
Robert Goldstein, Russian Academy of Sciences
Mark A. Handschy, Enduring Energy, LLC
Mark F. Horstemeyer, Mississippi State Univ.
Jacob N. Israelachvili, Univ. of California, Santa Barbara
Yogesh Jaluria, Rutgers Univ.
Suhada Jayasuriya, Univ. of Central Florida
Brian A. Korgel, Univ. of Texas at Austin
Thomas F. Kuech, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison
Soundar Kumara, Pennsylvania State Univ.
Chung K. (Ed) Law, Princeton Univ.
Alberto Leon-Garcia, Univ. of Toronto, Canada
Daniel A. Lidar, Univ. of Southern California
Zongli Lin, Univ. of Virginia
Azad M. Madni, Univ. of Southern California
Andreas Mandelis, Univ. of Toronto, Canada
Samir Mitragotri, Univ. of California, Santa Barbara
Andreas F. Molisch, Univ. of Southern California
H. Keith Moo-Young, California State Univ., Los Angeles
Ranga Narayanan, Univ. of Florida
Arye Nehorai, Washington Univ. in St. Louis
James C. Newman Jr., Mississippi State Univ.
Ellen Ochoa, NASA Johnson Space Center
Tatsuki Ohji, National Institute of Advanced Science & Technology, Japan
Athanassios Z. Panagiotopoulos, Princeton Univ.
Doug D. Perovic, Univ. of Toronto, Canada
Zhihua Qu, Univ. of Central Florida
Rodney S. Ruoff, Univ. of Texas at Austin
Maria M. Santore, Univ. of Massachusetts Amherst
Christine E. Schmidt, Univ. of Texas at Austin
John M. Torkelson, Northwestern Univ.
Rama Venkatasubramanian, RTI International
Darsh T. Wasan, Illinois Institute of Technology
Ralph E. White, Univ. of South Carolina
David B. Williams, Ohio State Univ.
Rama Krishna Yedavalli, Ohio State Univ.
Yuntian T. Zhu, North Carolina State Univ.
Section on General Interest in Science and Engineering
Andy Boyles, Highlights for Children
Cornelia Dean, The New York Times
Peter Faletra, Crossroads Academy, New Hampshire
Mandana Sassanfar, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Patricia L. Ward, Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago
Stephen Jay Warshaw, North Carolina School of Science & Mathematics
Section on Geology and Geography
Douglas West Burbank, Univ. of California, Santa Barbara
Eugene Walter Domack, Hamilton College, New York
Steven George Driese, Baylor Univ.
R. Lawrence Edwards, Univ. of Minnesota
Gregory M. Erickson, Florida State Univ.
Marilyn Louise Fogel, Carnegie Institution of Washington
Thomas Hillman Jordan, Univ. of Southern California
Louise H. Kellogg, Univ. of California, Davis
David L. Kohlstedt, Univ. of Minnesota
David W. Lea, Univ. of California, Santa Barbara
Isabel Patricia Montañez, Univ. of California, Davis
Daniel P. Schrag, Harvard Univ.
Jeffrey Peck Severinghaus, Scripps Institution of Oceanography
Donald I. Siegel, Syracuse Univ.
Howard J. Spero, Univ. of California, Davis
Sally Walker, Univ. of Georgia
Thomas Robert Watters, Smithsonian Institution
Cathy Lynn Whitlock, Montana State Univ.
Karl S. Zimmerer, Pennsylvania State Univ.
Section on History and Philosophy of Science
Michael R. Dietrich, Dartmouth College
Paul E. Griffi ths, Univ. of Sydney, Australia
Frederick Grinnell, Univ. of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Margaret W. Rossiter, Cornell Univ.
Section on Industrial Science and Technology
William S. Marras, Ohio State Univ.
Michael Nastasi, Univ. of Nebraska-Lincoln
John M. Newsam, Univ. of California, San Diego
Section on Information, Computing, and Communication
Miklós Ajtai, IBM
Prabir Bhattacharya, Univ. of Cincinnati
Azzedine Boukerche, Univ. of Ottawa, Canada
Justine Cassell, Carnegie Mellon Univ.
Amr El Abbadi, Univ. of California, Santa Barbara
Joan Feigenbaum, Yale Univ.
Paul F. Fischer, Argonne National Laboratory
Lawrence O'Higgins Hall, Univ. of South Florida
Raj Jain, Washington Univ. in St. Louis
Lydia E. Kavraki, Rice Univ.
Benjamin Jack Kuipers, Univ. of Michigan
Michael J. Kurtz, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics
Prasant Mohapatra, Univ. of California, Davis
Manish Parashar, Rutgers Univ.
Nagarajan Ranganathan, Univ. of South Florida
Thomas C. Rindfleisch, Stanford Univ.
Eunice E. Santos, Univ. of Texas at El Paso
Ali H. Sayed, Univ. of California, Los Angeles
Karen R. Sollins, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Arun K. Somani, Iowa State Univ.
Aravind Srinivasan, Univ. of Maryland, College Park
Ashok N. Srivastava, NASA Ames Research Center
George O. Strawn, Networking and Information Technology Research and Development
Roberto Tamassia, Brown Univ.
Carol Tenopir, Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville
Kevin Lowell Thompson, National Science Foundation
Victor Vianu, Univ. of California, San Diego
Xindong Wu, Univ. of Vermont
Qiang Yang, Hong Kong Univ. of Science & Technology
Section on Linguistics and Language Sciences
Sandra Chung, Univ. of California, Santa Cruz
Section on Mathematics
Susanne C. Brenner, Louisiana State Univ.
Robert Calderbank, Duke Univ.
L. Pamela Cook-Ioannidis, Univ. of Delaware
Susan Friedlander, Univ. of Southern California
Carolyn Gordon, Dartmouth College
Deborah Frank Lockhart, National Science Foundation
Susan Montgomery, Univ. of Southern California
Section on Medical Sciences
Edward A. Berger, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases/NIH
Lars Berglund, Univ. of California Davis Medical Center
Hal Edward Broxmeyer, Indiana Univ. School of Medicine
Genhong Cheng, Univ. of California, Los Angeles
Linzhao Cheng, Johns Hopkins Univ. School of Medicine
Robert James Coffey Jr., Vanderbilt Univ. Medical Center
Marco Colombini, Univ. of Maryland, College Park
Alan D. D'Andrea, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Eric Delpire, Vanderbilt Univ. Medical Center
Sarah S. Donaldson, Stanford Univ.
Ronald N. Germain, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases/NIH M. Eric Gershwin, Univ. of California Davis Health System
Maura Lianne Gillison, Ohio State Univ.
Clifford Vincent Harding III, Case Western Reserve Univ.
David G. Harrison, Vanderbilt Univ. Medical Center
Hedvig Hricak, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Holly A. Ingraham, Univ. of California, San Francisco
Raghu Kalluri, Harvard Medical School/Beth Israel Deaconess
Hagop M. Kantarjian, MD Anderson Cancer Center
Stuart M. Levitz, Univ. of Massachusetts Medical School
A. Thomas Look, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Kun Ping Lu, Harvard Medical School/Beth Israel Deaconess
Ormond A. MacDougald, Univ. of Michigan
Richard Mayeux, Columbia Univ.
Kohei Miyazono, Univ. of Tokyo, Japan
Jan A. Nolta, Univ. of California Davis Medical Center
John Joseph O'Shea Jr., National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases/NIH
David Pellman, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Reed E. Pyeritz, Univ. of Pennsylvania
Dan Mark Roden, Vanderbilt Univ. School of Medicine
Lawrence E. Samelson, National Cancer Institute/NIH
Rozanne M. Sandri-Goldin, Univ. of California, Irvine
Mark S. Schlissel, Brown Univ.
Mary Sharon Stack, Univ. of Notre Dame
Lishan Su, Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Kenneth S.K. Tung, Univ. of Virginia
Jeffery Marvin Vance, Univ. of Miami
Sten H. Vermund, Vanderbilt Univ.
J. Lindsay Whitton, Scripps Research Institute
Section on Neuroscience
Timothy J. Bartness, Georgia State Univ.
Joanne Berger-Sweeney, Tufts Univ.
Cesario Venturina Borlongan, Univ. of South Florida
Randy Lee Buckner, Harvard Univ.
Vince D. Calhoun, Univ. of New Mexico
Hollis Tremaine Cline, Scripps Research Institute
Jonathan D. Cohen, Princeton Univ.
Neal J. Cohen, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Peter Jeffrey Conn, Vanderbilt Univ.
Pietro De Camilli, Yale Univ. School of Medicine
Yadin Dudai, Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel
Robert Haas Edwards, Univ. of California, San Francisco
Ronald B. Emeson, Vanderbilt Univ.
Howard Joshua Federoff, Georgetown Univ. Medical Center
Joseph Robert Fetcho, Cornell Univ.
Ron D. Frostig, Univ. of California, Irvine
Alison Mary Goate, Washington Univ. School of Medicine in St. Louis
James L. Goodson, Indiana Univ.
Judy Illes, Univ. of British Columbia Hospital, Canada
Julie A. Kauer, Brown Univ.
David Kleinfeld, Univ. of California, San Diego
Hiroaki Matsunami, Duke Univ. Medical Center
David A. McCormick, Yale Univ. School of Medicine
Cynthia F. Moss, Univ. of Maryland, College Park
Elisabeth Adams Murray, National Institute of Mental Health/NIH
Phillip G. Popovich, Ohio State Univ.
Alcino J. Silva, Univ. of California, Los Angeles
Nelson Spruston, Howard Hughes Medical Institute
Xiao-Jing Wang, Yale Univ.
Alan Geoffrey Watts, Univ. of Southern California
Section on Pharmaceutical Sciences
Michael Aschner, Vanderbilt Univ. School of Medicine
Paula C. Bickford, Univ. of South Florida
Mark Cushman, Purdue Univ.
Paul F. Hollenberg, Univ. of Michigan
Marilyn Emily Morris, Univ. at Buffalo
John Michael Pezzuto, Univ. of Hawaii at Hilo
Rao S. Rapaka, National Institute on Drug Abuse/NIH
David E. Smith, Univ. of Michigan
Anil Kumar Sood, MD Anderson Cancer Center
Charles M. Thompson, Univ. of Montana
Carston R. Wagner, Univ. of Minnesota
Lynn Wecker, Univ. of South Florida
Section on Physics
Andrew Robert Baden, Univ. of Maryland, College Park
Dimitri N. Basov, Univ. of California, San Diego
Michael J. Bedzyk, Northwestern Univ.
Nigel D. Browning, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Patricia R. Burchat, Stanford Univ.
Antonio Helio Castro-Neto, Boston Univ.
Paul M. Champion, Northeastern Univ.
Pengcheng Dai, Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville
Stefan Gottfried Frauendorf, Univ. of Notre Dame
Michael S. Fuhrer, Univ. of Maryland, College Park
Peter M. Garnavich, Univ. of Notre Dame
Paul M. Goldbart, Georgia Institute of Technology
Benjamin Grinstein, Univ. of California, San Diego
Kenneth Heller, Univ. of Minnesota
Theodore A. Jacobson, Univ. of Maryland, College Park
Rongying Jin, Louisiana State Univ.
James Kakalios, Univ. of Minnesota
Christopher J. Keane, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Ashutosh Kotwal, Duke Univ.
Wim Leemans, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Shawn-Yu Lin, Rensselaer Polytechnic Univ.
Andrea J. Liu, Univ. of Pennsylvania
Mikhail D. Lukin, Harvard Univ.
Aneesh Manohar, Univ. of California, San Diego
Christopher R. Monroe, Univ. of Maryland, College Park
Douglas Natelson, Rice Univ.
George S. Nolas, Univ. of South Florida
David D. Nolte, Purdue Univ.
Eric B. Norman, Univ. of California, Berkeley
Mark A. Novotny, Mississippi State Univ.
Anthony Joseph Peurrung, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Philip W. Phillips, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Joseph G. Polchinski, Univ. of California, Santa Barbara
Richard Henry Price, Univ. of Texas at Brownsville
Federico Rosei, Univ. du Québec, Canada
Randal C. Ruchti, Univ. of Notre Dame
Nitin Samarth, Pennsylvania State Univ.
Kenneth J. Schafer, Louisiana State Univ.
Surajit Sen, Univ. at Buffalo
Ian Shipsey, Purdue Univ.
Melvyn J. Shochet, Univ. of Chicago
Alexei P. Sokolov, Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville
Gene D. Sprouse, Stony Brook Univ.
Samuel Ting, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Renata M.M. Wentzcovitch, Univ. of Minnesota
Ali Yazdani, Princeton Univ.
Sherry J. Yennello, Texas A&M Univ.
Anton Zeilinger, Univ. of Vienna, Austria
Xiaowei Zhuang, Harvard Univ.
Section on Psychology
Nelson Cowan, Univ. of Missouri-Columbia
Celia B. Fisher, Fordham Univ.
Margaret Gatz, Univ. of Southern California
Peter Adrian Hancock, Univ. of Central Florida
Todd F. Heatherton, Dartmouth College
Julia R. Heiman, Indiana Univ.
Ned H. Kalin, Wisconsin Psychiatric Institute & Clinics
Todd D. Little, Univ. of Kansas
Steven J. Luck, Univ. of California, Davis
Laurence T. Maloney, New York Univ.
Alex Martin, National Institute of Mental Health/NIH
John J. McArdle, Univ. of Southern California
Joseph Lee Rodgers III, Univ. of Oklahoma
John M. Roll, Washington State Univ.
Steven K. Shevell, Univ. of Chicago
Eliot R. Smith, Indiana Univ.
Anthony D. Wagner, Stanford Univ.
Timothy D. Wilson, Univ. of Virginia
Howard N. Zelaznik, Purdue Univ.
Section on Social, Economic, and Political Sciences
Howard E. Aldrich, Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Nicole Woolsey Biggart, Univ. of California, Davis
Herbert Gintis, Central European Univ., Hungary
Randy Hodson, Ohio State Univ.
Edward Paul Lazear, Stanford Univ.
Deirdre McCloskey, Univ. of Illinois at Chicago
Melvin L. Oliver, Univ. of California, Santa Barbara
Zhenchao Qian, Ohio State Univ.
Alvin E. Roth, Harvard Univ.
John Skvoretz, Univ. of South Florida
Richard Michael Suzman, National Institute on Aging/NIH
Section on Societal Impacts of Science and Engineering
Michael M. Crow, Arizona State Univ.
Kathy L. Hudson, National Institutes of Health
Jacob E. Levin, Univ. of California, Irvine
Jane C. S. Long, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Dietram A. Scheufele, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison
Section on Statistics
Arlene S. Ash, Univ. of Massachusetts Medical School
Katherine Bennett Ensor, Rice Univ.
Marc G. Genton, King Abdullah Univ. of Science & Technology, Saudi Arabia
Barry I. Graubard, National Cancer Institute/NIH
Karen Kafadar, Indiana Univ.
KyungMann Kim, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison
Ira M. Longini, Jr., Univ. of Florida
David Madigan, Columbia Univ.
Nitis Mukhopadhyay, Univ. of Connecticut
Haikady N. Nagaraja, Ohio State Univ.
Allan R. Sampson, Univ. of Pittsburgh
Nell Sedransk, National Institute of Statistical Sciences
Ajit C. Tamhane, Northwestern Univ.
Marina Vannucci, Rice Univ.
Naisyin Wang, Univ. of Michigan
Ronald L. Wasserstein, American Statistical Association
Russell D. Wolfinger, SAS Institute
Weng Kee Wong, Univ. of California, Los Angeles

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